Sitz Im Leben dalam 1 Timotius 2:11-12: Latar Belakang Instruksi kepada Wanita untuk tidak Mengajar dan Memerintah Pria

Yunita Stella


The debate regarding the text of 1 Timothy 2:11-12 concerning the role of women in teaching and leadership within the church has become an exceedingly controversial issue. Some have employed this text as a tool to marginalize and oppress women in the church. The purpose of this research is to uncover the Sitz Im Leben that underlies the writing of 1 Timothy 2:11-12 in relation to the instructions given to women not to teach and have authority over men. The method employed is historical analysis, involving the study of the background of the book and its content related to the passage, encompassing various considerations including the meanings of people, places, and events. The results of this research indicate that the presence of the Artemis cult and the "new Roman women" movement provide a backdrop for understanding the attitudes and behaviors of women within the Ephesian congregation. Paul does not universally prohibit all women, across all times and places, from teaching and leading in the congregation, but rather certain women are intended within a specific context.

Keywords: Sitz Im Leben, Instruction, Women

Perdebatan mengenai teks 1 Timotius 2:11-12 terkait pelayanan wanita untuk mengajar dan memimpin dalam gereja telah menjadi masalah yang sangat kontroversial. Sebagian orang telah menggunakan teks ini sebagai teks teror untuk meminggirkan dan menindas wanita di gereja. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menemukan Sitz Im Leben yang melatarbelakangi penulisan 1 Timotius 2:11-12 terkait instruksi yang diberikan kepada wanita untuk tidak mengajar dan memerintah pria. Metode yang digunakan adalah analisis historikal, dengan melakukan penelitian terhadap latar belakang kitab dan isi kitab yang berhubungan dengan nats, melibatkan berbagai perhatian mencakup makna dari orang-orang, tempat-tempat, peristiwa-peristiwa. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa keberadaan kultus Artemis dan gerakan “wanita Romawi baru” memberi latar belakang mengenai sikap dan perilaku wanita dalam jemaat Efesus. Paulus tidak melarang semua wanita di sepanjang waktu dan tempat, untuk mengajar dan memimpin dalam jemaat, melainkan hanya wanita tertentu yang dimaksudkan dalam konteks.

Kata kunci: Sitz Im Leben, Instruksi, Wanita


Sitz Im Leben, Instruction, Women, Instruksi, Wanita

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